REPUBLIKA MAKEDONIJA - РЕПУБЛИКА МАКЕДОНИЈА
Macedonian national flag
Coat of arms
Official name: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
National name: Republic of Macedonia/ Република Македонија
Macedonian national anthem: "Today over Macedonia - Denes nad Makedonija”
Government: Parliamentary republic
Coordinates: 41º50´ North / 22º00´ East
Local time in Macedonia: Local time is equal to GMT +1 hours. Same time zone all over the country
Population: 2,075,625 (World Bank 2014 est.)
Other large cities: Bitola-84,400; Kumanovo-78,900; Tetovo-60,000; Prilep-56,900
Ethnicity: Macedonian, Albanian, Turkish, Roma, Serbian, Vlachs, other
Religions: Eastern Orthodox Christians, Muslims, other
Alphabet: Cyrillic script
Telephone code: 00389
Internet country code: mk
Electricity: 220V/50Hz (European plug)
Curency: Macedonian Denar/ Македонски Денар (MKD) - 1 denar = 100 deni
National GDP: US$ 11.32 billion 2014 http://data.worldbank.org/
United Nations - since April 8th 1993
World Trade Organization - since April 4th 2003
NATO – received Invitation on 3 April 2008, blocked by Greece veto on Bucharest summit
European Union – waiting to open negotiations
Location: Southeastern Europe, landlocked between Serbia, Kosovo, Albania, Greece and Bulgaria
Geographic coordinates: 41 50 N, 22 00 E
Country size/area: 25,713 square km (land area-25,333 sq. km and water area-380 sq. km)
Climate: Warm, dry summers and autumns; relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall.
total: 748 km
border countries: Albania 151 km, Bulgaria 148 km, Greece 228 km, Serbia 62 km, Kosovo 159 km
Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
Terrain in Macedonia
Macedonia is covered by mountainous territory marked by deep basins and valleys. There are three large lakes (Ohrid, Prespa and Dojran), each divided by a frontier line, and the country bisected by the Vardar River.
Macedonia is blessed with outstanding natural beauty. Do not miss a trip to one of the large lakes, Pelister Mountains, Shar Planina in the West, and the fascinating rolling hills and mountains of the East with its rice fields.
Lowest point: Vardar River 44 m
Highest point: Golem Korab 2.764 m
Natural resources: chromium, lead, zinc, manganese, tungsten, nickel, low-grade iron ore, asbestos, sulfur, timber, arable land
Macedonia is a parliamentary democracy where the constitution is the supreme law of the country, while the power is divided into judiciary, legislative and executive.
The judiciary power is exercised by the countries courts with the head in the Judicial Supreme Court followed by the Constitutional Court and the Republican Judicial Council. All the judges are appointed by the members of the Assembly.
The legislative power belongs to the Parliament of the Republic of Macedonia, the Assembly (Собрание, Sobranie), which has 120 members elected by the peoples majority vote in general and direct elections for a four year term.
The executive branch is divided between the President of the Republic and the President of the Government - Prime minister. The government is elected by a majority vote of all the deputies in the assembly, while the Prime minister appoints the ministers.
The president is the head of state, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Macedonia and chairs the national Security Council. The president is elected by majority vote in general and direct elections, for a of five years term, limited to maximum two terms.
- January 1 - New Year
- January 7 - Christmas Eve
- April - Easter
- May 1 - Labour Day
- May 24 - Day of the Slavic educators, Sts. Cyril and Methodius
- August 2 - Day of the Republic (Ilinden)
- September 8 - Day of the independence
- October 11 - Day of the National Rebellion
- October - Ramazan-Bajram - (first day)
- October 23 - Day of the Macedonian revolutionary struggle
- December 8 - Saint Clement of Ohrid
Important phone numbers
- Police: 192
- Fire Department: 193
- Medical Emergency: 194
- Road Assistance: 15555
- Road Info Centre: 196
- Wake-up Service: 180
- Correct Time: 185
- Telegram Service: 186
- Information desk / Directory Assistance: 188
Miscellaneous useful information
Daylight saving time in Macedonia +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October.
Weights and Measures in Macedonia
Metric and Kilo system.
Water in Macedonia
Safe to drink in all cities since it has been chlorinated, and there are public drinking water fountains in most public places. If you prefer bottled, easily to find in the local shops.
Foreign Newspapers in Macedonia
Available in Skopje and the tourist areas.
Macedonia working hours
Institutions and offices: Monday to Friday 8:30 am - 16:30 pm, Saturday 9:00 am to 5:00 pm.
Banks: Monday to Friday 8am to 7 pm, Saturday 8 am to 12 am (you can expect extended working hours at the airports).
Visa regime of the Republic of Macedonia towards other countries, special administrative regions and entities and territorial authorities that are not recognised as states can be found on the following web page: